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Linux, Ubuntu
There are so many webapplications which are working online. Online Applications include Twitter’s TweetDeck, Whatsapp Web, WeChat Web and Telegram Web. Hence, these applications provide you Web interface of the Mobile Applications. Ubuntu provides you the power to turn these Online WebApplications to Ubuntu Applications.

How to turn WebApplications to Ubuntu Applications

Ubuntu provides the WebApp container to run any URL through terminal. It runs a proper session and store cookies. I’ll tell you how to use WebApp Container. Open Terminal by pressing ctrl+alt+T or by ubuntu dash. Run the following command in terminal: webbrowser-app [url] –fullscreen In the above command,
  • webbrowser-app is webapp container.
  • [url] is the Website Address. Like ‘web.whatsapp.com’,’https://facebook.com’
  • –fullscreen is parameter to run the application in fullscreen mode.
When you’ll run the following command, webbrowser-app will be open in fullscreen mode. Whatever the url passed, site will be displayed on screen. You can make the shortcut file. And run webbrowser-app by just clicking the icon like other applications. Follow up the process to create shortcut file. In the Shortcut file information, replace the above mentioned command in ‘Exec’ parameter. Entry will be shown in unity dash. You can run the WebApplication directly from unity dash.
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Linux, Ubuntu

Most of the applications on Ubuntu comes without installer package. Installer packages automatically install the shortcut for the ease to run the application from unity dash. Where without installer packages, you just need to extract the package and run the executable file. Therefore, whenever you need to run the application, you will have to go to extracted package directory and run the application by executing run file.

How to create .desktop shortcut

Following this articles, you will know how to make and add custom shortcut for non-installer packages of applications.

First of all, create an empty document in a folder. Suppose it’s desktop folder. Right click on your desktop, select ‘New Document’ and click on ‘Create new Document’.

Name it whatever you like ending with ‘.desktop’. It is always suggested to use the application name.

Save it and open the file in editor to update the information. Information about shortcut is as following format.

[Desktop Entry] Version1.0Shortcut file for Application Name=XyZ Comment=We are making shortcut for some random applications Exec=/home/ *application Directory* / *File to execute* Icon=/usr/share/icons/Humanity/apps/32/test.png Terminal=false Type=Application Categories=Utitlity;Development;Programming

Some notes:

Version

  • Should be 1.0, it refers to the .desktop file version, not to the program version.

Name

  • The name that should be displayed on the menu.

Exec

  • The full path to the executable. No need to use ‘.’, it just means the current dir

Path

  • The dir that will be set as current when the entry is run. You usually don’t need to set it, but I have added it just in case. It is the same as using ‘cd’ in your command line

Icon

  • The path to the icon file that will be used for the file, it’s likely that the one that you put doesn’t exists, I have changed it for a generic one. You should change this to the file that you want the icon to use. It is the best practice to copy the image to System icons directory as mentioned already in the format text.

Mimetype

  • Specifies the kind of files that this program is able to open. I’ve left it empty.

StartupWMClass

  • Only needed for some programs, It is usually needed by java programs but only set it if you notice some problems.

To use the desktop file from the Dash you will need to copy it to /usr/share/applications for any user to be able to use it or to ~/.local/share/applications (where ~ means your user directory) if you just want it to be available for one user.

To copy desktop file to /usr/share/applications, you need the administrative permissions. Learn how to get Administrative Permissions.

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Linux, Ubuntu

Root is a role for user in linux that gives you permissions to change, modify and remove Operating system files. Normal user is not allowed to open, edit and change the system files. Linux gives you the full power to modify the OS as you want, for which ‘Root’ is provided. To use the root, you need to set root password first.

On fresh installation of Ubuntu, you need to set root account by setting its password. You can simply set the root password by running a simple command.

To set root password:

Open Terminal by pressing ctrl+alt+T or by unity dash.

Type following command in the terminal:

sudo passwd

Root Password on Linux

It will prompt you to enter current User Account Password and, then Enter and Re-enter the password for root. Terminal will not show you the typing indications, so type your password by keeping it in mind. Once you entered, password will be updated.

Now you can use ‘root’ roles by typing the following in the terminal:

su

It’ll prompt the password for the root. Enter the previously updated password for root.

Note: User Account and Root password is different.

Check out: how to install Wine on ubuntu

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Linux, Ubuntu
Wine is an application that runs Windows Applications on Linux. Wine is under development, therefore every Application will be working perfectly through wine but there are many that are functioning properly. Linux is an awesome Operation System but it lacks software catalog. And most of the times, you’ll not find compatible version of different software for Linux. Wine provides a platform to run Windows Applications on Linux. This guide will tell you, how to install wine on ubuntu. Wine Team announced stable version of Wine 1.8 and also provided the packages for multiple version of Ubuntu. You can download and install wine 1.8 by adding official repository of Wine Team.

Install Wine on Ubuntu

Open Terminal by pressing CLT+Alt+T or you can open it by dash. In terminal, Copy and paste following PPA Command and Press Enter: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

If it prompts, Type your password and Press Enter. Password will not display activity, so keep typing your password with words in mind.

install Wine on ubuntu

 

When key is added in the repository list, update the package cache by using following command.

sudo apt-get update

After updating the cache, install wine 1.8 by copying and pasting following command to terminal and press Enter.

sudo apt-get install wine1.8 winetricks

Wine packages will be installed. Open winetricks from the unity bash and install the windows components as required. 

For 64-bit OS version, enable the 32-bit architecture:

sudo dpkg –add-architecture i386

 

Now you can download and run any Windows application in ‘Wine Program Loader’. As it is under development on daily basis, many applications may not work. But still it provides large number of applications to run on Ubuntu.    
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